UC Berkeley Center for Future Urban Transport: A Volvo Center of Excellence
Toward Green TODs
- Author(s): Ververo, Robert
- Sullivan, Cathleen
- et al.
Green Transit Oriented Developments (TODs) shrink environmental footprints by reducing Vehicle Kilometers Traveled (VKT)/ Vehicle Miles Travled (VMT) and incorporating green urbanism and architecture in community designs. Synergies from combining TOD and green urbanism derive from increased densities, which promote transit usage and conserve heating/cooling expenses; mixed land uses which promote non-motorized transportation and limited-range electric vehicles; reduced impervious parking services matched by increased open space and community gardens; and, opportunities for generating solar power from photovoltaics atop rail-stop canopies. The carbon footprints of Green TODs can be 35% less than those of conventional developments. Experiences with Green TODs are reviewed for urban regeneration projects in Sweden, Germany, and Australia. The paper concludes with ideas on moving Green TODs from theory to practice.