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Enhancement of CO 2 binding and mechanical properties upon diamine functionalization of M 2 (dobpdc) metal–organic frameworks


The family of diamine-appended metal-organic frameworks exemplified by compounds of the type mmen-M2(dobpdc) (mmen = N,N'-dimethylethylenediamine; M = Mg, Mn, Fe, Co, Zn; dobpdc4- = 4,4'-dioxidobiphenyl-3,3'-dicarboxylate) are adsorbents with significant potential for carbon capture, due to their high working capacities and strong selectivity for CO2 that stem from a cooperative adsorption mechanism. Herein, we use first-principles density functional theory (DFT) calculations to quantitatively investigate the role of mmen ligands in dictating the framework properties. Our van der Waals-corrected DFT calculations indicate that electrostatic interactions between ammonium carbamate units significantly enhance the CO2 binding strength relative to the unfunctionalized frameworks. Additionally, our computed energetics show that mmen-M2(dobpdc) materials can selectively adsorb CO2 under humid conditions, in agreement with experimental observations. The calculations further predict an increase of 112% and 124% in the orientationally-averaged Young's modulus E and shear modulus G, respectively, for mmen-Zn2(dobpdc) compared to Zn2(dobpdc), revealing a dramatic enhancement of mechanical properties associated with diamine functionalization. Taken together, our calculations demonstrate how functionalization with mmen ligands can enhance framework gas adsorption and mechanical properties.

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