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Open Access Publications from the University of California

An Adaptive Dissemination Mechanism for Inter-Vehicle Communication-Based Decentralized Traffic Information Systems

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Inter-Vehicle Communications (IVC) has the potential to play an important role in many future vehicle and traffic applications. Much of this will occur in the automated vehicle control and safety systems (AVCSS) arena, and to a lesser extent in the Advanced Transportation Management and Information Systems (ATMIS) arena. One such ATMIS application where IVC can be used is in decentralized traffic information systems. These systems do not require extensive infrastructure and management centers to collect and disseminate traffic information. Instead, information can be shared among vehicles through periodic broadcast messages. An adaptive dissemination mechanism for this is described in this paper. In the proposed design, each participating vehicle can adapt their transmission interval according to the current traffic speed and also disseminate the traffic information of different segments at different rates according to the distance to its current position. This dissemination scheme ensures the efficient distribution of information within the vehicle network. We have designed, developed, and tested this methodology using a unique traffic simulation environment that has been effectively augmented with wireless communication capability. Both analysis and simulation results show that the bandwidth that the system requires is far below the bandwidth of current 802.11 wireless links and the system can reach the accuracy requirement even at a low penetration rate.

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