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Efficient Calculation of NMR Shielding Constants Using Composite Method Approximations and Locally Dense Basis Sets


This paper presents a systematic study of applying composite method approximations with locally dense basis sets (LDBS) to efficiently calculate NMR shielding constants in small and medium-sized molecules. The pcSseg-n series of basis sets are shown to have similar accuracy to the pcS-n series when n ≥ 1 and can slightly reduce computational costs. We identify two different LDBS partition schemes that perform very effectively for density functional calculations. We select a large subset of the recent NS372 database containing 290 H, C, N, and O shielding values evaluated by reference methods on 106 molecules to carefully assess methods of the high, medium, and low computational costs to make practical recommendations. Our assessment covers conventional electronic structure methods (density functional theory and wave function) with global basis calculations, as well as their use in one of the satisfactory LDBS approaches, and a range of composite approaches, also with and without LDBS. Altogether 99 methods are evaluated. On this basis, we recommend different methods to reach three different levels of accuracy and time requirements across the four nuclei considered.

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