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Perspiration interventions for conservative management of kidney disease and uremia.


Purpose of review

There has been an increasing interest in developing novel technologies to treat patients with chronic kidney disease as evidenced by KidneyX, the public-private partnership between government and industry. Perhaps a simple technology for treating kidney failure would be to utilize perspiration. It is a physiological process, and when used properly it might not be an unpleasant experience. This review will explore the current state of knowledge regarding perspiration therapy in the setting of far advanced kidney failure.

Recent findings

A literature review using the PubMed database was conducted between 1 April 2019 and 3 September 2019. Search terms are shown in Table 1. Major themes of the results include diaphoresis therapy for patients with chronic kidney disease, excessive perspiration causing kidney disease, analysis of sweat to diagnose cystic fibrosis, and analysis of sweat to replenish lost electrolytes. This review will focus on intentional perspiration for the treatment of patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Studies have shown that perspiration, or sweat-based therapies, can provide some of the most important currently recognized therapeutic goals in treating ESRD. These goals include decreased interdialytic weight gain, reduced serum potassium levels, and benefits to cardiovascular status. Research has shed light on some of the mechanisms, both molecular and clinical, that may be involved in induced perspiration therapy in ESRD.


There is a long history of humans using perspiration for both recreation and therapy. Perspiration therapy for ESRD experienced a surge in the United States in the 1960s but does not have much modern momentum. With the continued growth of the ESRD population worldwide this could be considered an appropriate time to conduct more research into this promising therapy.

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