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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Preferential Stripping of a Lithium Protrusion Resulting in Recovery of a Planar Electrode

  • Author(s): Maslyn, JA
  • Mcentush, KD
  • Harry, KJ
  • Frenck, L
  • Loo, WS
  • Parkinson, DY
  • Balsara, NP
  • et al.
Abstract

Lithium metal is a high-energy-density battery electrode material, but the largely irreversible growth of lithium protrusions on an initially planar electrode during cycling makes it unsuitable for incorporation into a commercial battery. In this study, a lithium electrode with globular protrusions was stripped electrochemically, and the local morphology of the electrode as a function of time was determined by hard X-ray tomography. We demonstrate that globules are preferentially stripped compared to a planar electrode in our system, which incorporates a nanostructured block copolymer electrolyte. We report current density at the electrode as a function of micron-scale position and time. The local current density during the electrode healing process calculated from a reference frame at the electrode/electrolyte interface provides insight into the driving forces responsible for selective stripping of the globule. These results imply the possibility of discharging protocols that may return a lithium electrode to its initial planar state.

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