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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Effect of Vitamin D Supplementation on Bone Turnover Markers During HIV Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis Using Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate-Emtricitabine in Men Who Have Sex with Men.

  • Author(s): Nanayakkara, Deepa D
  • Sun, Xiaoying
  • Morris, Sheldon
  • Louie, Stan
  • Mulligan, Kathleen
  • Overton, Turner
  • Asante, Isaac
  • Corado, Katya
  • Jain, Sonia
  • Dubé, Michael P
  • et al.

Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with tenofovir disoproxil fumarate-emtricitabine (TDF-FTC) reduces bone mineral density in HIV-uninfected men who have sex with men (MSM). We hypothesized that PrEP with TDF-FTC would increase bone turnover markers (BTMs) at week 24 and that vitamin D supplementation from weeks 24 to 48 would blunt this increase. Participants were from a cohort of 398 MSM and transgender women who received daily TDF-FTC for PrEP. At week 24, a prospective intervention group initiated vitamin D3 4,000 IU daily. Concurrent controls were selected from the cohort who took ≤400 IU/day of vitamin D3 matched by age, race, and body mass index. The primary endpoint was the change in procollagen-I N-terminal propeptide (P1NP) from weeks 24 to 48. Paired t-tests were used to compare changes in BTMs between intervention and controls. Among 48 intervention-control pairs, median age was 33 years. At baseline, 68.9% of the intervention group and 77.3% of controls were vitamin D sufficient (≥20 ng/mL, p = .94). P1NP, C-telopeptide, parathyroid hormone (PTH), and 25-OH vitamin D3 did not increase significantly at week 24. P1NP fell by a mean ± SD of -27.6 ± 49.9 pg/mL from weeks 24 to 48 with vitamin D and -2.5 ± 40.2 pg/mL in controls (p = .01). There were no significant between-group differences in the weeks 24-48 change in C-telopeptide, PTH, or 25-OH vitamin D3. Vitamin D3 supplementation with 4,000 IU/day resulted in a significant reduction in the BTM P1NP compared with controls, suggesting that this intervention has potential to improve bone health during PrEP.

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