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IGF-1 receptor cleavage in hypertension.

  • Author(s): Cirrik, Selma
  • Schmid-Schönbein, Geert W
  • et al.

Increased protease activity causes receptor dysfunction due to extracellular cleavage of different membrane receptors in hypertension. The vasodilatory effects of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) are decreased in hypertension. Therefore, in the present study the association of an enhanced protease activity and IGF-1 receptor cleavage was investigated using the spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) and their normotensive Wistar Kyoto (WKY) controls (n = 4). Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activities were determined using gelatin zymography on plasma and different tissue samples. WKY aorta rings were incubated in WKY or SHR plasma with or without MMP inhibitors, and immunohistochemistry was used to quantify the densities of the alpha and beta IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R) subunits and to determine receptor cleavage. The pAkt and peNOS levels in the aorta were investigated using immunoblotting as a measure of IGF-IR function. Increased MMP-2 and MMP-9 activities were detected in plasma and peripheral tissues of SHRs. IGF-1R beta labeling was similar in both groups without plasma incubation, but the fraction of immunolabeled area for IGF-1R alpha was lower in the endothelial layer of the SHR aorta (p < 0.05). A 24-h incubation of WKY aorta with SHR plasma did not affect the IGF-1R beta labeling density, but reduced the IGF-1R alpha labeling density in the endothelium (p < 0.05). MMP inhibitors prevented this decrease (p < 0.01). Western blot analyses revealed that the pAkt and peNOS levels under IGF-1-stimulated and -unstimulated conditions were lower in SHRs (p < 0.05). A reduced IGF-1 cellular response in the aorta was associated with the decrease in the IGF-1R alpha subunit in the SHR hypertension model. Our results indicate that MMP-dependent receptor cleavage contributed to the reduced IGF-1 response in SHRs.

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