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Open Access Publications from the University of California

The Full Costs of Urban Tranport Part III: Automobile Costs and Final Intermodal Cost Comparisons


This project has developed cost estimates and comparisons for the major urban transportation modes -- auto, bus, and rail -- using data from the San Francisco Bay Area.

Intermodal cost comparison is useful for policy purposes, for it helps determine under what circumstances one mode is more efficient than another in terms of the resources it uses to provide a given service.

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