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Best Practices for the Coordinated Care of Patients With Neuroendocrine Tumors Undergoing Peptide Receptor Radionuclide Therapy



Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are rare, diverse malignancies; approximately two thirds originate in the gastrointestinal tract and pancreas and are known as gastroenteropancreatic NET. Most cases are diagnosed in the advanced or metastatic setting and overexpress somatostatin receptors. Recommended first-line treatment is somatostatin analogs; however, disease progression is common. [177Lu]Lu-DOTA-TATE is a radiolabeled peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) indicated for the treatment of adult patients with somatostatin receptor-positive foregut, midgut, and hindgut gastroenteropancreatic NETs and progression on first-line somatostatin analogs. Many primary oncology practices may lack the staff, expertise, and infrastructure to treat patients with PRRT and primary oncologists may therefore refer their patients to a NET specialist at a tertiary center for treatment. Given the amount of organization required, PRRT treatment may seem to be complex; however, this process will be managed by a care coordinator who acts as a consistent point of contact for primary physicians regarding the care of their patients and ensures blood tests and scans are scheduled. In this article, we share our opinions, procedures, workflow, best practice, and roles and responsibilities when caring for patients receiving [177Lu]Lu-DOTA-TATE and focus on the role of the primary oncologist before, during, and after PRRT treatment.

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