Increase in HFC-134a emissions in response to the success of the Montreal Protocol
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1002/2015JD023741
©2015. American Geophysical Union. The 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (HFC-134a), an important alternative to CFC-12 in accordance with the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, is a high global warming potential greenhouse gas. Here we evaluate variations in global and regional HFC-134a emissions and emission trends, from 1995 to 2010, at a relatively high spatial and temporal (3.75° in longitude×2.5° in latitude and 8day) resolution, using surface HFC-134a measurements. Our results show a progressive increase of global HFC-134a emissions from 19±2Gg/yr in 1995 to 167±5Gg/yr in 2010, with both a slowdown in developed countries and a 20%/yr increase in China since 2005. A seasonal cycle is also seen since 2002, which becomes enhanced over time, with larger values during the boreal summer.