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Time-resolved magnetic resonance angiography (TR-MRA) for the evaluation of post coiling aneurysms; A quantitative analysis of the residual aneurysm using full-width at half-maximum (FWHM) value.


Magnetic resonance image (MRI) is now widely used for imaging follow-up for post coiling brain aneurysms. However, the accuracy on the estimation of residual aneurysm, which is crucial for the retreatment planning, remains to be controversial. The purpose of this study is to evaluate a new post-processing technique that provides improved estimation of the residual aneurysm after coil embolization. One hundred aneurysms on 93 patients who underwent coil embolization for brain aneurysm were evaluated using the 1.5 Tesla time-resolved magnetic resonance angiography (TR-MRA) one year after the treatment. To minimize the inter-observer variability caused by the window level adjustment, an automatic post processing protocol using the full-width at half-maximum (FWHM) value was utilized. The result was then compared with that from the conventional cerebral angiography. Of the 97 aneurysms that underwent both TR-MRA and DSA, 23 (23.7%) showed residual neck / dome during follow-up. After window level adjustment, the size of the parent artery in the TR-MRA was consistent with that in the DSA. The reconstructed Volume Rendering images provided clear contours of the residual aneurysms and contributed to the understanding the configuration of residual aneurysm. The largest and the smallest diameter of the residual aneurysms was larger in the TR-MRA than in the DSA (8.05 vs. 7.72 mm, p = 0.0004; 4.99 vs. 4.19 mm, p = 0.007 respectively). The sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of TR-MRA compared to DSA were 100%, 97%, 73%, and 100%, respectively. Using the FWHM value to optimize the window level adjustment, the size of the residual component observed in the TR-MRA was larger compared to that in the DSA whereas the size of neck and the parent artery showed consistency between the two modalities. This image processing technique can be used as an effective screening tool for evaluating residual component in post-coiling brain aneurysms.

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