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Machine learning of physiological waveforms and electronic health record data to predict, diagnose and treat haemodynamic instability in surgical patients: protocol for a retrospective study.

  • Author(s): Cannesson, Maxime;
  • Hofer, Ira;
  • Rinehart, Joseph;
  • Lee, Christine;
  • Subramaniam, Kathirvel;
  • Baldi, Pierre;
  • Dubrawski, Artur;
  • Pinsky, Michael R
  • et al.


About 42 million surgeries are performed annually in the USA. While the postoperative mortality is less than 2%, 12% of all patients in the high-risk surgery group account for 80% of postoperative deaths. New onset of haemodynamic instability is common in surgical patients and its delayed treatment leads to increased morbidity and mortality. The goal of this proposal is to develop, validate and test real-time intraoperative risk prediction tools based on clinical data and high-fidelity physiological waveforms to predict haemodynamic instability during surgery.

Methods and analysis

We will initiate our work using an existing annotated intraoperative database from the University of California Irvine, including clinical and high-fidelity waveform data. These data will be used for the training and development of the machine learning model (Carnegie Mellon University) that will then be tested on prospectively collected database (University of California Los Angeles). Simultaneously, we will use existing knowledge of haemodynamic instability patterns derived from our intensive care unit cohorts, medical information mart for intensive care II data, University of California Irvine data and animal studies to create smart alarms and graphical user interface for a clinical decision support. Using machine learning, we will extract a core dataset, which characterises the signatures of normal intraoperative variability, various haemodynamic instability aetiologies and variable responses to resuscitation. We will then employ clinician-driven iterative design to create a clinical decision support user interface, and evaluate its effect in simulated high-risk surgeries.

Ethics and dissemination

We will publish the results in a peer-reviewed publication and will present this work at professional conferences for the anaesthesiology and computer science communities. Patient-level data will be made available within 6 months after publication of the primary manuscript. The study has been approved by University of California, Los Angeles Institutional review board. (IRB #19-0 00 354).

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