Application of Linear and Non-Linear Harmonic Methods for Unsteady Transonic Flow
- Author(s): Gundevia, Rayomand
- Advisor(s): Liu, Feng
- et al.
This thesis explores linear and non-linear computational methods for solving unsteady flow. The eventual goal is to apply these methods to two-dimensional and three-dimensional flutter predictions. In this study the quasi-one-dimensional nozzle is used as a framework for understanding these methods and their limitations. Subsonic and transonic cases are explored as the back-pressure is forced to oscillate with known amplitude and frequency. A steady harmonic approach is used to solve this unsteady problem for which perturbations are said to be small in comparison to the mean flow. The use of a linearized Euler equations (LEE) scheme is good at capturing the flow characteristics but is limited by accuracy to relatively small amplitude perturbations. The introduction of time-averaged second-order terms in the Non-Linear Harmonic (NLH) method means that a better approximation of the mean-valued solution, upon which the linearization is based, can be made. The nonlinear time-accurate Euler solutions are used for comparison and to establish the regimes of unsteadiness for which these schemes fails. The usefulness of the LEE and NLH methods lie in the gains in computational efficiency over the full equations.