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Molecular mechanisms of esophageal epithelial regeneration following repair of surgical defects with acellular silk fibroin grafts.

  • Author(s): Gundogdu, Gokhan;
  • Tosun, Mehmet;
  • Morhardt, Duncan;
  • Gheinani, Ali Hashemi;
  • Algarrahi, Khalid;
  • Yang, Xuehui;
  • Costa, Kyle;
  • Alegria, Cinthia Galvez;
  • Adam, Rosalyn M;
  • Yang, Wei;
  • Mauney, Joshua R
  • et al.
Abstract

Constructive remodeling of focal esophageal defects with biodegradable acellular grafts relies on the ability of host progenitor cell populations to repopulate implant regions and facilitate growth of de novo functional tissue. Intrinsic molecular mechanisms governing esophageal repair processes following biomaterial-based, surgical reconstruction is largely unknown. In the present study, we utilized mass spectrometry-based quantitative proteomics and in silico pathway evaluations to identify signaling cascades which were significantly activated during neoepithelial formation in a Sprague Dawley rat model of onlay esophagoplasty with acellular silk fibroin scaffolds. Pharmacologic inhibitor and rescue experiments revealed that epithelialization of neotissues is significantly dependent in part on pro-survival stimuli capable of suppressing caspase activity in epithelial progenitors via activation of hepatocyte growth factor receptor (c-MET), tropomyosin receptor kinase A (TrkA), phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), and protein kinase B (Akt) signaling mechanisms. These data highlight the molecular machinery involved in esophageal epithelial regeneration following surgical repair with acellular implants.

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