Skip to main content
eScholarship
Open Access Publications from the University of California

UC Berkeley

UC Berkeley Previously Published Works bannerUC Berkeley

Primary singularities of vector fields on surfaces

  • Author(s): Hirsch, MW;
  • Turiel, FJ
  • et al.
Abstract

Unless another thing is stated one works in the C∞ category and manifolds have empty boundary. Let X and Y be vector fields on a manifold M. We say that Y tracks X if [Y, X] = fX for some continuous function f: M→ R. A subset K of the zero set Z(X) is an essential block for X if it is non-empty, compact, open in Z(X) and its Poincaré-Hopf index does not vanishes. One says that X is non-flat at p if its ∞-jet at p is non-trivial. A point p of Z(X) is called a primary singularity of X if any vector field defined about p and tracking X vanishes at p. This is our main result: consider an essential block K of a vector field X defined on a surface M. Assume that X is non-flat at every point of K. Then K contains a primary singularity of X. As a consequence, if M is a compact surface with non-zero characteristic and X is nowhere flat, then there exists a primary singularity of X.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC's open access policies. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Main Content
For improved accessibility of PDF content, download the file to your device.
Current View