Ultra-Narrow TaS2 Nanoribbons
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Ultra-Narrow TaS2 Nanoribbons

  • Author(s): Cain, Jeffrey D
  • Oh, Sehoon
  • Azizi, Amin
  • Stonemeyer, Scott
  • Dogan, Mehmet
  • Thiel, Markus
  • Ercius, Peter
  • Cohen, Marvin L
  • Zettl, Alex
  • et al.
Abstract

Imposing additional confinement in two-dimensional (2D) materials can yield further control over the associated electronic, optical, and topological properties. However, synthesis of ultra-narrow nanoribbons (NRs) remains a challenge, particularly for the transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs), and synthesizing TMD NRs narrower than 50 nm has remained elusive. Here, we report the vapor-phase synthesis of ultra-narrow TaS2 NRs. The NRs are grown within the hollow cavity of carbon nanotubes, thereby limiting their lateral dimensions and layer number, while simultaneously stabilizing them against the environment. The NRs reach the monolayer (ML) limit and exhibit widths as low as 2.5 nm. Atomic-resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) reveals the detailed atomic structure of the ultra-narrow NRs and we observe a hitherto unseen atomic structure supermodulation phenomenon of ordered defect arrays within the NRs. First-principles calculations based on density functional theory (DFT) show the presence of flat bands, as well as edge- and boundary-localized states, and help identify the atomic configuration of the supermodulation. Nanotube-templated synthesis represents a unique, transferable, and broadly deployable route toward ultra-narrow TMD NR growth.

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