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Imaging the internal structure of the rat cochlea using optical coherence tomography at 0.827 microm and 1.3 microm.

  • Author(s): Wong, Brian JF
  • Zhao, Yonghua
  • Yamaguchi, Mark
  • Nassif, Nader
  • Chen, Zhongping
  • De Boer, Johannes F
  • et al.
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to use high-speed optical coherence tomography (OCT) to obtain cross-sectional images of the rat cochlea. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: The cochleae of Sprague- Dawley rats were imaged within 2 to 4 hours after death. Specimens were prepared by removing the bulla to expose the mesotympanum; some images were obtained in intact temporal bones removed from the cranium. The central element of an OCT imaging device is a Michelson interferometer combined with a low-coherence light source. This study used 2 OCT systems with different light sources: 1) a semiconductor optical amplifier operating and 2) a superluminescent diode with peak emissions wavelengths of 1.3 microm and 827 nm, respectively. Images (1.87 x 2.00 mm or 1.87 x 1.00 mm, 10 x 10 microm pixel resolution) were acquired at a frame rate of 1 Hz. Cross-sectional images at 100-microm increments were obtained from a medial-to-lateral direction. RESULTS: The scala vestibuli, scala media, scala tympani, modiolus, spiral ligament, and several turns of the cochlea were identified. CONCLUSION: These images reflect the ability of OCT to provide images of the internal cochlea structure with micron scale resolution and at near-real time frame rates.

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