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FKBP8 Enhances Protein Stability of the CLC-1 Chloride Channel at the Plasma Membrane.

  • Author(s): Peng, Yi-Jheng;
  • Lee, Yi-Ching;
  • Fu, Ssu-Ju;
  • Chien, Yun-Chia;
  • Liao, Yi-Fan;
  • Chen, Tsung-Yu;
  • Jeng, Chung-Jiuan;
  • Tang, Chih-Yung
  • et al.
Abstract

Mutations in the skeletal muscle-specific CLC-1 chloride channel are associated with the human hereditary disease myotonia congenita. The molecular pathophysiology underlying some of the disease-causing mutations can be ascribed to defective human CLC-1 protein biosynthesis. CLC-1 protein folding is assisted by several molecular chaperones and co-chaperones, including FK506-binding protein 8 (FKBP8). FKBP8 is generally considered an endoplasmic reticulum- and mitochondrion-resident membrane protein, but is not thought to contribute to protein quality control at the cell surface. Herein, we aim to test the hypothesis that FKBP8 may regulate CLC-1 protein at the plasma membrane. Surface biotinylation and subcellular fractionation analyses reveal that a portion of FKBP8 is present at the plasma membrane, and that co-expression with CLC-1 enhances surface localization of FKBP8. Immunoblotting analyses of plasma membrane proteins purified from skeletal muscle further confirm surface localization of FKBP8. Importantly, FKBP8 promotes CLC-1 protein stability at the plasma membrane. Together, our data underscore the importance of FKBP8 in the peripheral quality control of CLC-1 channel.

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