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Coexistence of superconductivity and short-range double-stripe spin correlations in Te-vapor annealed FeTe1-xSex (x≤0.2) COEXISTENCE of SUPERCONDUCTIVITY and SHORT- ⋯ ZHIJUN XU et al.

  • Author(s): Xu, Z
  • Schneeloch, JA
  • Yi, M
  • Zhao, Y
  • Matsuda, M
  • Pajerowski, DM
  • Chi, S
  • Birgeneau, RJ
  • Gu, G
  • Tranquada, JM
  • Xu, G
  • et al.
Abstract

In as-grown bulk crystals of Fe1+yTe1-xSex with x≲0.3, excess Fe (y>0) is inevitable and correlates with a suppression of superconductivity. At the same time, there remains the question as to whether the character of the antiferromagnetic correlations associated with the enhanced anion height above the Fe planes in Te-rich samples is compatible with superconductivity. To test this, we have annealed as-grown crystals with x=0.1 and 0.2 in Te vapor, effectively reducing the excess Fe and inducing bulk superconductivity. Inelastic neutron scattering measurements reveal low-energy magnetic excitations consistent with short-range correlations of the double-stripe type; nevertheless, cooling into the superconducting state results in a spin gap and a spin resonance, with the extra signal in the resonance being short range with a mixed single-stripe/double-stripe character, which is different than other iron-based superconductors. The mixed magnetic character of these superconducting samples does not appear to be trivially explainable by inhomogeneity.

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