Derivation of neural progenitors and retinal pigment epithelium from common marmoset and human pluripotent stem cells.
- Author(s): Torrez, Laughing Bear
- Perez, Yukie
- Yang, Jing
- Zur Nieden, Nicole Isolde
- Klassen, Henry
- Liew, Chee Gee
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1155/2012/417865
Embryonic and induced pluripotent stem cells (IPSCs) derived from mammalian species are valuable tools for modeling human disease, including retinal degenerative eye diseases that result in visual loss. Restoration of vision has focused on transplantation of neural progenitor cells (NPCs) and retinal pigmented epithelium (RPE) to the retina. Here we used transgenic common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) and human pluripotent stem cells carrying the enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP) reporter as a model system for retinal differentiation. Using suspension and subsequent adherent differentiation cultures, we observed spontaneous in vitro differentiation that included NPCs and cells with pigment granules characteristic of differentiated RPE. Retinal cells derived from human and common marmoset pluripotent stem cells provide potentially unlimited cell sources for testing safety and immune compatibility following autologous or allogeneic transplantation using nonhuman primates in early translational applications.