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Processing of prothyrotropin-releasing hormone (Pro-TRH) by bovine intermediate lobe secretory vesicle membrane PC1 and PC2 enzymes.

  • Author(s): Friedman, TC
  • Loh, YP
  • Cawley, NX
  • Birch, NP
  • Huang, SS
  • Jackson, IM
  • Nillni, EA
  • et al.
Abstract

TRH is synthesized from a larger 26-kilodalton (kDa) prohormone (pro-TRH). Rat pro-TRH contains five copies of the TRH progenitor sequence (Gln-His-Pro-Gly) and seven other cryptic peptides. Each of the five TRH progenitor sequences is flanked by pairs of basic amino acids. We used a bovine intermediate lobe secretory vesicle membrane preparation, which contains the prohormone convertases (PCs) PC1 and PC2, to study the in vitro processing of pro-TRH. Pro-TRH was radiolabeled using [3H]Leu in AtT20 cells transfected with prepro-TRH complementary DNA, and the labeled 26-kDa pro-TRH was isolated from the cell extract by preparative sodium dodecyl sulfate-gel electrophoresis. Incubation of [3H]pro-TRH with the intermediate lobe secretory vesicle membrane preparation was followed by immunoprecipitation with antibodies specific for various regions of the pro-TRH sequence, and the immunoprecipitates were analyzed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-gel electrophoresis. Immunoprecipitation of the reaction mixture with anti-pCC10 antibody (an antibody that recognizes the intact precursor and amino-terminal intermediate products of processing) showed a time-dependent appearance of a 15-kDa and a 6-kDa peptide and, at times, a 3.8-kDa peptide with diminution of the 26-kDa substrate. Immunoprecipitation of the incubate with the C-terminal-directed antibody, pYE17 (an antibody that recognizes the intact precursor and C-terminal intermediate products of processing), showed the generation of 16.5-, 10-, and 5.4-kDa products in a time-dependent manner, with disappearance of the substrate. Western blot analysis demonstrated that the secretory vesicle membrane preparation contains PC1 and PC2. Immunodepletion studies with antiserum specific for PC1 or PC2 demonstrated that PC1 and PC2 can process pro-TRH to these intermediate products. An initial site of cleavage appeared to be either at the 152-153 or the 158-159 pair of basic residues to yield a 15-kDa N-terminal fragment that was then processed to the 6-kDa [TRH-(25-74)] and 3.8-kDa [TRH-(83-112)] forms. The 10-kDa C-terminal peptide generated by this cleavage was then processed to a 5.4-kDa peptide [TRH-(208-255)]. Alternatively, an initial cleavage at the 107-108 or the 112-113 bonds was also observed, yielding a 16.5-kDa C-terminal product that was further processed to the 5.4-kDa peptide. The pH profile for the appearance of both C- and N-terminal products showed a bimodal distribution, with optima at both 5.5 and 7.5. The cleavage of pro-TRH was enhanced by Ca2+ and partially inhibited by Zn2+.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

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