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Aqueous phase oxidation of sulphur dioxide by ozone in cloud droplets

  • Author(s): Hoyle, CR
  • Fuchs, C
  • Järvinen, E
  • Saathoff, H
  • Dias, A
  • El Haddad, I
  • Gysel, M
  • Coburn, SC
  • Tröstl, J
  • Bernhammer, A-K
  • Bianchi, F
  • Breitenlechner, M
  • Corbin, JC
  • Craven, J
  • Donahue, NM
  • Duplissy, J
  • Ehrhart, S
  • Frege, C
  • Gordon, H
  • Höppel, N
  • Heinritzi, M
  • Kristensen, TB
  • Molteni, U
  • Nichman, L
  • Pinterich, T
  • Prévôt, ASH
  • Simon, M
  • Slowik, JG
  • Steiner, G
  • Tomé, A
  • Vogel, AL
  • Volkamer, R
  • Wagner, AC
  • Wagner, R
  • Wexler, AS
  • Williamson, C
  • Winkler, PM
  • Yan, C
  • Amorim, A
  • Dommen, J
  • Curtius, J
  • Gallagher, MW
  • Flagan, RC
  • Hansel, A
  • Kirkby, J
  • Kulmala, M
  • Möhler, O
  • Stratmann, F
  • Worsnop, D
  • Baltensperger, U
  • et al.
Abstract

Abstract. The growth of aerosol due to the aqueous phase oxidation of SO2 by O3 was measured in laboratory generated clouds created in the CLOUD chamber at CERN. Experiments were performed at 10 and −10 °C, on acidic (sulphuric acid) and on partially to fully neutralised (ammonium sulphate) seed aerosol. Clouds were generated by performing an adiabatic expansion – pressurising the chamber to 220 hPa above atmospheric pressure, and then rapidly releasing the excess pressure, resulting in a cooling, condensation of water on the aerosol and a cloud lifetime of approximately 6 min. A model was developed to compare the observed aerosol growth with that predicted by oxidation rates previously measured in bulk solutions. The model captured the measured aerosol growth very well for experiments performed at 10 and −10 °C, indicating that, in contrast to some previous studies, the oxidation rates of SO2 in a dispersed aqueous system are well represented by accepted rates, based on bulk measurements. To the best of our knowledge, these are the first laboratory based measurements of aqueous phase oxidation in a dispersed, super-cooled population of droplets. The measurements are therefore important in confirming that the extrapolation of currently accepted reaction rates to temperatures below 0 °C is correct.

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