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Involvement of Calcium Channels in Depolarization‐Evoked Release of Adenosine from Spinal Cord Synaptosomes


The potential involvement of L- and N-type voltage-sensitive calcium (Ca2+) channels and a voltage-independent receptor-operated Ca2+ channel in the release of adenosine from dorsal spinal cord synaptosomes induced by depolarization with K+ and capsaicin was examined. Bay K 8644 (10 nM) augmented release of adenosine in the presence of a partial depolarization with K+ (addition of 6 mM) but not capsaicin (1 and 10 microM). This augmentation was dose dependent from 1 to 10 nM and was followed by inhibition of release from 30 to 100 nM. Nifedipine and nitrendipine inhibited the augmenting effect of Bay K 8644 in a dose-dependent manner, but neither antagonist had any effect on release of adenosine produced by K+ (24 mM) or capsaicin (1 and 10 microM). omega-Conotoxin inhibited K(+)-evoked release of adenosine in a dose-dependent manner but had no effect on capsaicin-evoked release. Ruthenium red blocked capsaicin-induced release of adenosine but had no effect on K(+)-evoked release. Although L-type voltage-sensitive Ca2+ channels can modulate release of adenosine when synaptosomes are partially depolarized with K+, N-type voltage-sensitive Ca2+ channels are primarily involved in K(+)-evoked release of adenosine. Capsaicin-evoked release of adenosine does not involve either L- or N-type Ca2+ channels, but is dependent on a mechanism that is sensitive to ruthenium red.

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