Equations of motion for weakly compressible point vortices
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2021.0052
Equations of motion for compressible point vortices in the plane are obtained in the limit of small Mach number, M, using a Rayleigh-Jansen expansion and the method of Matched Asymptotic Expansions. The solution in the region between vortices is matched to solutions around each vortex core. The motion of the vortices is modified over long time scales [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text]. Examples are given for co-rotating and co-propagating vortex pairs. The former show a correction to the rotation rate and, in general, to the centre and radius of rotation, while the latter recover the known result that the steady propagation velocity is unchanged. For unsteady configurations, the vortex solution matches to a far field in which acoustic waves are radiated. This article is part of the theme issue 'Mathematical problems in physical fluid dynamics (part 2)'.