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Preexisting Right Ventricular Dysfunction Is Associated With Higher Postoperative Cardiac Complications and Longer Hospital Stay in High-Risk Patients Undergoing Nonemergent Major Vascular Surgery.

  • Author(s): Chou, Jody
  • Ma, Michael
  • Gylys, Maryte
  • Seong, Jenny
  • Salvatierra, Nicolas
  • Kim, Robert
  • Jiang, Luohua
  • Barseghian, Ailin
  • Rinehart, Joseph
  • et al.
Abstract

Objectives

To evaluate whether the presence of preexisting right ventricular (RV) dysfunction in high-risk patients undergoing nonemergent major vascular surgery is associated independently with higher incidents of postoperative cardiac complications and a longer length of hospital stay.

Design

Retrospective chart review.

Setting

Single-center university hospital setting.

Participants

The patient population consisted of those identified as American Society of Anesthesiologists classification III and above who had a preoperative echocardiogram within 1 year of undergoing nonemergent major vascular surgery between January 2010 and May 2017.

Measurements and main results

After multivariate analyses, RV dysfunction (RVD) is associated independently with a higher incidence of postoperative major cardiac complications with an odds ratio = 6.3 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.0-38.5; p = 0.046). In addition, patients with RVD had a 50% longer length of stay than those without RVD (incident rate ratio [95% CI], 1.5 [1.2-1.8]; p < 0.001).

Conclusion

In this retrospective study of high-risk patients undergoing major vascular surgery, RV dysfunction was associated independently with a higher incidence of postoperative major cardiovascular events and longer length of hospital stays. Based on current findings, the prognostic value of RVD extends beyond the cardiac surgical cohort. Knowledge in management of patients with RVD in the perioperative setting should be understood by all anesthesiologists. Of note, a future study with a larger sample size is needed to validate the current findings given the small sample size of this study.

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