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Distinct splicing signatures affect converged pathways in myelodysplastic syndrome patients carrying mutations in different splicing regulators.

  • Author(s): Qiu, Jinsong
  • Zhou, Bing
  • Thol, Felicitas
  • Zhou, Yu
  • Chen, Liang
  • Shao, Changwei
  • DeBoever, Christopher
  • Hou, Jiayi
  • Li, Hairi
  • Chaturvedi, Anuhar
  • Ganser, Arnold
  • Bejar, Rafael
  • Zhang, Dong-Er
  • Fu, Xiang-Dong
  • Heuser, Michael
  • et al.
Abstract

Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are heterogeneous myeloid disorders with prevalent mutations in several splicing factors, but the splicing programs linked to specific mutations or MDS in general remain to be systematically defined. We applied RASL-seq, a sensitive and cost-effective platform, to interrogate 5502 annotated splicing events in 169 samples from MDS patients or healthy individuals. We found that splicing signatures associated with normal hematopoietic lineages are largely related to cell signaling and differentiation programs, whereas MDS-linked signatures are primarily involved in cell cycle control and DNA damage responses. Despite the shared roles of affected splicing factors in the 3' splice site definition, mutations in U2AF1, SRSF2, and SF3B1 affect divergent splicing programs, and interestingly, the affected genes fall into converging cancer-related pathways. A risk score derived from 11 splicing events appears to be independently associated with an MDS prognosis and AML transformation, suggesting potential clinical relevance of altered splicing patterns in MDS.

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