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Quantum Feedback and Traveling-wave Parametric Amplification in Superconducting Circuits

  • Author(s): Macklin, Christopher Stewart;
  • Advisor(s): Siddiqi, Irfan;
  • et al.

Feedback control in classical systems is an indispensable, ubiquitous tool. The theoretical basis for achieving optimal classical control is well understood, and crucially relies on a very classical assumption: that measurements of the state of a system under control need not perturb that state. In a quantum context this assumption is fundamentally invalid. Although many aspects of the theory of quantum feedback control are relatively well developed, the technological basis for feedback control of a single quantum system has only very recently matured. We demonstrate the experimental realization of a quantum feedback control protocol, perpetually stabilizing the coherent Rabi oscillations of a superconducting qubit. This is the first utilization of quantum feedback control for stabilizing a dynamical process, and the first application of quantum feedback in a solid-state system of any kind. This demonstration comprises the first half of this thesis. The feedback protocol is predicated on the ability to make high-fidelity quantum measurements, which are enabled by quantum-limited Josephson parametric amplifiers (JPAs). The design and realization of the novel Josephson traveling-wave parametric amplifier (JTWPA) comprises the second half of this thesis. The JTWPA achieves order-of-magnitude improvements over state of the art JPAs in bandwidth and signal power handling while providing quantum-limited noise performance, potentially enabling the simultaneous readout of dozens of superconducting qubits and the generation of broadband multi-mode squeezing in the microwave domain.

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