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Traditional Chinese Medicine Fuzheng Huayu Prevents Development of Liver Fibrosis in Mice.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.26502/acbr.50170125
AimTo investigate the therapeutic effect of FZHY on hepatic fibrosis in mice and to determine the mechanism of its action.
MethodsWild type mice were subjected to toxic (carbon tetrachloride, CCl4) or cholestatic (bile duct ligation, BDL). Upon induction of liver fibrosis, mice were treated with FZHY (4.0g/kg, 2w, oral gavage) or vehicle (PBS). Livers were analyzed by Sirius Red staining, immunostaining and RT-PCR for profibrogenic and pro-inflammatory genes. The effect of FZHY on hepatocytes, inflammatory responses, activation of fibrogenic myofibroblasts, and ROS production was assessed.
ResultsFZHY strongly inhibited the development of CCl4- and BDL-induced liver fibrosis in mice. Liver fibrosis was significantly improved in FZHY-treated mice, as demonstrated by reduced content of hepatic hydroxyproline and Sirius Red positive area. Moreover, the number of SMA +and Desmin+ myofibroblasts was significantly reduced in the livers of FZHY-treated mice, and correlated with downregulation of the mRNA levels of α-SMA, collagen-α1(I), tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1), TGF-β1 and its receptor TGF-βRI, and platelet-derived growth factor-β (PDGF-β), suggesting that FZHY inhibits activation of fibrogenic myofibroblasts. Furthermore, administration of FZHY markedly decreased recruitment of F4/80+ inflammatory macrophages to the livers of CCl4- and BDL-injured mice, and this effect was associated with downregulation of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1(MCP-1) and macrophage inflammatory protein-1 (MIP-1) mRNA. In addition, the lipid peroxidation products 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) and malondialdehyde (MDA) were reduced, demonstrating that treatment with FZHY can effectively block ROS production in livers of CCl4- and BDL-injured mice.
ConclusionsTraditional Chinese Medicine FZHY has a variety of anti-fibrotic effects, including strong anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-fibrotic effects on myeloid cells and hepatocytes. Although FZHY compound does not seem to directly affect HSCs, it regulates HSC activation via inhibition of macrophage recruitment to fibrotic liver.
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