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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Anomalous Self-Assembly and Ion Transport in Nanostructured Organic-Inorganic Solid Electrolytes

  • Author(s): Sethi, GK;
  • Jiang, X;
  • Chakraborty, R;
  • Loo, WS;
  • Villaluenga, I;
  • Balsara, NP
  • et al.

Nanostructured solid electrolytes containing ion-conducting domains and rigid nonconducting domains are obtained by block copolymer self-assembly. Here, we report on the synthesis and characteristics of mixtures of a hybrid diblock copolymer with an organic and inorganic block: poly(ethylene oxide)-b-poly(acryloisobutyl polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane) (PEO-POSS) and a lithium salt. In the neat state, PEO-POSS exhibits a classical order-to-disorder transition upon heating. Dilute electrolytes exhibit a dramatic reversal; a disorder-to-order transition upon heating is obtained, indicating that the addition of salt fundamentally changes interactions between the organic and inorganic chains. At higher salt concentrations, the electrolytes primarily form a lamellar phase. Coexisting lamellae and cylinders are found at intermediate salt concentrations and high temperatures. The conductivity and shear modulus of PEO-POSS are significantly higher than that of an all-organic block copolymer electrolyte with similar molecular weight and morphology, demonstrating that organic-inorganic block copolymers provide a promising route for developing the next generation of solid electrolytes for lithium batteries.

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