Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Chemical Stabilization of Perovskite Solar Cells with Functional Fulleropyrrolidines.
- Author(s): Liu, Yao
- Page, Zachariah A
- Zhou, Dongming
- Duzhko, Volodimyr V
- Kittilstved, Kevin R
- Emrick, Todd
- Russell, Thomas P
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1021/acscentsci.7b00454
While perovskite solar cells have invigorated the photovoltaic research community due to their excellent power conversion efficiencies (PCEs), these devices notably suffer from poor stability. To address this crucial issue, a solution-processable organic chemical inhibition layer (OCIL) was integrated into perovskite solar cells, resulting in improved device stability and a maximum PCE of 16.3%. Photoenhanced self-doping of the fulleropyrrolidine mixture in the interlayers afforded devices that were advantageously insensitive to OCIL thickness, ranging from 4 to 190 nm. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) indicated that the fulleropyrrolidine mixture improved device stability by stabilizing the metal electrode and trapping ionic defects (i.e., I-) that originate from the perovskite active layer. Moreover, degraded devices were rejuvenated by repeatedly peeling away and replacing the OCIL/Ag electrode, and this repeel and replace process resulted in further improvement to device stability with minimal variation of device efficiency.