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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Methods for Population Control: A Case Study on the Axis Deer of Maui Island, HI

  • Author(s): Rubino, Elena;
  • Williams, Chris
  • et al.

This study is an exploration of the social, ecological, and economic components of creating a commercialized hunt of non-native axis deer on Maui Island, Hawaii. It consists of three analytic phases to determine the preferred population control policy alternative. The first phase was a series of qualitative interviews and surveys with wildlife managers, deer processors, and any potential suppliers who may be interested in selling deer meat and/or products to consumers, including suppliers such as natural food stores, pet food companies, and jewelers. Phase 2, on which this report focuses, involved email surveys sent to two groups: residents of the island of Maui, and hunters registered in Maui, to determine attitudes about population control methods, including a commercialized harvest. This survey also investigated the opinions of consumers about purchasing axis deer meat and other products. Phase 3 will be a cost-benefit analysis of various population control techniques for axis deer on Maui Island to determine the most economically efficient methods. The conclusion of this research will result in the proposal of preferred policy alternatives for population control that take into account the economic, social, and ecological aspects of each policy alternative.

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