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TCEA1 regulates the proliferative potential of mouse myeloid cells.

  • Author(s): Yang, Taomei
  • Cui, Haoran
  • Wen, Mingxin
  • Zuber, Johannes
  • Kogan, Scott C
  • Wei, Guangwei
  • et al.

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Leukemia is a malignance with complex pathogenesis and poor prognosis. Discovery of noval regulators amenable to leukemia could be of value to gain insight into the pathogenesis, diagnosis and prognosis of leukemia. Here, we conducted a large-scale shRNA library screening for functional regulators in the development of myeloid cells in primary cells. We identified eighteen candidate regulators in the primary screening. Those genes cover a wide range of cellular functions, including gene expression regulation, intracellular signaling transduction, nucleotide excision repair, cell cycle control and transcription regulation. In both primary screening and validation, shRNAs targeting Tcea1, encoding the transcription elongation factor A (SII) 1, exhibited the greatest influence on the proliferative potential of cells. Knocking down the expression of Tcea1 in the 32Dcl3 myeloid cell line led to enhanced proliferation of myeloid cells and blockage of myeloid differentiation induced by G-CSF. In addition, silence of Tcea1 inhibited apoptosis of myeloid cells. Thus, Tcea1 was identified as a gene which can influence the proliferative potential, survival and differentiation of myeloid cells. These findings have implications for how transcriptional elongation influences myeloid cell development and leukemic transformation.

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