Skip to main content
Open Access Publications from the University of California

UC Irvine

UC Irvine Previously Published Works bannerUC Irvine

Role of human Hv1 channels in sperm capacitation and white blood cell respiratory burst established by a designed peptide inhibitor.


Using a de novo peptide inhibitor, Corza6 (C6), we demonstrate that the human voltage-gated proton channel (hHv1) is the main pathway for H+ efflux that allows capacitation in sperm and permits sustained reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in white blood cells (WBCs). C6 was identified by a phage-display strategy whereby ∼1 million novel peptides were fabricated on an inhibitor cysteine knot (ICK) scaffold and sorting on purified hHv1 protein. Two C6 peptides bind to each dimeric channel, one on the S3-S4 loop of each voltage sensor domain (VSD). Binding is cooperative with an equilibrium affinity (K d) of ∼1 nM at -50 mV. As expected for a VSD-directed toxin, C6 inhibits by shifting hHv1 activation to more positive voltages, slowing opening and speeding closure, effects that diminish with membrane depolarization.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC's open access policies. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Main Content
For improved accessibility of PDF content, download the file to your device.
Current View