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Urea-Linked Covalent Organic Frameworks


2D covalent organic frameworks (COFs) with flexible urea linkages have been synthesized by condensation of 1,3,5-triformylphloroglucinol (TFP) with 1,4-phenylenediurea (BDU) or 1,1'-(3,3'-dimethyl-[1,1'-biphenyl]-4,4'-diyl)diurea (DMBDU). The resulting COF-117 and COF-118 undergo reversible structural dynamics within their layers, in response to inclusion and removal of guest molecules, emanating from urea C-N bond rotation and interlayer hydrogen-bonding interactions. These compounds are the first urea-linked COFs, serving to expand the scope of reticular chemistry.

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