Optimal Transport Over a Linear Dynamical System
- Author(s): Chen, Yongxin
- Georgiou, Tryphon T
- Pavon, Michele
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1109/tac.2016.2602103
We consider the problem of steering an initial probability density for the state vector of a linear system to a final one, in finite time, using minimum energy control. In the case where the dynamics correspond to an integrator ($\dot x(t) = u(t)$) this amounts to a Monge-Kantorovich Optimal Mass Transport (OMT) problem. In general, we show that the problem can again be reduced to solving an OMT problem and that it has a unique solution. In parallel, we study the optimal steering of the state-density of a linear stochastic system with white noise disturbance; this is known to correspond to a Schr\"odinger bridge. As the white noise intensity tends to zero, the flow of densities converges to that of the deterministic dynamics and can serve as a way to compute the solution of its deterministic counterpart. The solution can be expressed in closed-form for Gaussian initial and final state densities in both cases.
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