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Improving Efficiency and Stability of Perovskite Solar Cells Enabled by A Near-Infrared-Absorbing Moisture Barrier

  • Author(s): Hu, Q;
  • Chen, W;
  • Yang, W;
  • Li, Y;
  • Zhou, Y;
  • Larson, BW;
  • Johnson, JC;
  • Lu, YH;
  • Zhong, W;
  • Xu, J;
  • Klivansky, L;
  • Wang, C;
  • Salmeron, M;
  • Djurišić, AB;
  • Liu, F;
  • He, Z;
  • Zhu, R;
  • Russell, TP
  • et al.
Abstract

Simultaneously improving device efficiency and stability is the most important issue in perovskite solar cell (PSC) research. Here, we strategically introduce a multi-functional interface layer (MFIL) with integrated roles of: (1) electron transport, (2) moisture barrier, (3) near-infrared photocurrent enhancement, (4) trap passivation, and (5) ion migration suppression to enhance the device performance. The narrow-band-gap non-fullerene acceptor, Y6, was screened out to replace the most commonly used PCBM in the inverted PSCs. A significantly improved power conversion efficiency of 21.0% was achieved, along with a remarkable stability (up to 1,700 h) without encapsulation under various external stimuli (light, heat, and moisture). Furthermore, systematic studies of the molecular orientation or passivation and the charge carrier dynamics at the interface between perovskite and MFIL were presented. These results offer deep insights for designing advanced interlayers and establish the correlations between molecular orientation, interface molecular bonding, trap state density, non-radiation recombination, and the device performance.

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