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In silico modeling of oxygen-enhanced MRI of specific ventilation.

  • Author(s): Kang, Wendy
  • Tawhai, Merryn H
  • Clark, Alys R
  • Sá, Rui C
  • Geier, Eric T
  • Prisk, G Kim
  • Burrowes, Kelly S
  • et al.
Abstract

Specific ventilation imaging (SVI) proposes that using oxygen-enhanced 1H MRI to capture signal change as subjects alternatively breathe room air and 100% O2 provides an estimate of specific ventilation distribution in the lung. How well this technique measures SV and the effect of currently adopted approaches of the technique on resulting SV measurement is open for further exploration. We investigated (1) How well does imaging a single sagittal lung slice represent whole lung SV? (2) What is the influence of pulmonary venous blood on the measured MRI signal and resultant SVI measure? and (3) How does inclusion of misaligned images affect SVI measurement? In this study, we utilized two patient-based in silico models of ventilation, perfusion, and gas exchange to address these questions for normal healthy lungs. Simulation results from the two healthy young subjects show that imaging a single slice is generally representative of whole lung SV distribution, with a calculated SV gradient within 90% of that calculated for whole lung distributions. Contribution of O2 from the venous circulation results in overestimation of SV at a regional level where major pulmonary veins cross the imaging plane, resulting in a 10% increase in SV gradient for the imaging slice. A worst-case scenario simulation of image misalignment increased the SV gradient by 11.4% for the imaged slice.

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