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Real-time needle guidance for venipuncture based on optical coherence tomography


An algorithm for real–time venipuncture needle guidance is described, using an optical coherence tomography (OCT) probe that emits light pulses at fixed angular intervals along a cone, giving accurate distance measurements to points on the blood vessel. Using this data, a method is developed to visually display the blood vessel for needle guidance. A least–squares fit to a general quadric surface, specified by a symmetric matrix, is performed. For a cylindrical blood vessel, this provides an estimate for its orientation, from which its location and radius can be determined. The algorithm is compatible, in efficiency and robustness, with real–time implementation.

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