Skip to main content
eScholarship
Open Access Publications from the University of California

UC Davis

UC Davis Previously Published Works bannerUC Davis

Clinicopathological characteristics of histiocytic sarcoma affecting the central nervous system in dogs.

  • Author(s): Toyoda, Izumi
  • Vernau, William
  • Sturges, Beverly K
  • Vernau, Karen M
  • Rossmeisl, John
  • Zimmerman, Kurt
  • Crowe, Chelsea M
  • Woolard, Kevin
  • Giuffrida, Michelle
  • Higgins, Robert J
  • Dickinson, Peter J
  • et al.
Abstract

Background

Histiocytic sarcoma affecting the central nervous system (CNS HS) in dogs may present as primary or disseminated disease, often characterized by inflammation. Prognosis is poor, and imaging differentiation from other CNS tumors can be problematic.

Objective

To characterize the clinicopathological inflammatory features, breed predisposition, and survival in dogs with CNS HS.

Animals

One hundred two dogs with HS, 62 dogs with meningioma.

Methods

Retrospective case series. Records were reviewed for results of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis, CBC, treatment, and outcome data.

Results

Predisposition for CNS HS was seen in Bernese Mountain Dogs, Golden Retrievers, Rottweilers, Corgis, and Shetland Sheepdogs (P ≤ .001). Corgis and Shetland Sheepdogs had predominantly primary tumors; Rottweilers had exclusively disseminated tumors. Marked CSF inflammation was characteristic of primary rather than disseminated HS, and neoplastic cells were detected in CSF of 52% of affected dogs. Increased neutrophil to lymphocyte ratios were seen in all groups relative to controls (P <.008) but not among tumor subtypes. Definitive versus palliative treatment resulted in improved survival times (P < .001), but overall prognosis was poor.

Conclusions and clinical importance

Clinicopathological differences between primary and disseminated HS suggest that tumor biological behavior and origin may be different. Corgis and Shetland Sheepdogs are predisposed to primary CNS HS, characterized by inflammatory CSF. High total nucleated cell count and the presence of neoplastic cells support the use of CSF analysis as a valuable diagnostic test. Prognosis for CNS HS is poor, but further evaluation of inflammatory mechanisms may provide novel therapeutic opportunities.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC's open access policies. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Main Content
Current View