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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Middle and long latency auditory evoked potentials in cat. II. Component distributions and dependence on stimulus factors.

  • Author(s): Starr, A
  • Farley, GR
  • et al.

The middle (10-50 ms) and long (50-600 ms) latency periods of the auditory evoked potential (AEP) were investigated in muscle-paralyzed, artificially respired cats with respect to two issues: (1) the distribution of components across the skull, and (2) the effects of changing stimulus intensity on component latencies and amplitudes. The distributional data were gathered during a behavioral study in which four behavioral tasks related to classical pupillary conditioning were used to vary attentional and arousal processes. The distributions across the skull surface (averaged across tasks) of 12 peaks and troughs (P10, N13, P17, N22, P31, N41, P55, N70, N100, N140, P260 and N520) and seven principal components derived from the set of waveforms collected during this experiment are reported. Both peak amplitudes and principal component scores were distributed differentially across the skull surface. In the second experiment, acoustic stimulus intensity was varied, and AEPs collected from a vertex and temporal electrode site. In general, increasing stimulus intensity had a stronger influence on the earlier portions of the AEP, where increased amplitude and decreased latency was the rule, than on later ones. The relationships between cat and human AEP components were discussed based on both the data presented in this paper and in previous papers.

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