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Open Access Publications from the University of California

GPU-to-CPU Callbacks

  • Author(s): Stuart, Jeff A.
  • Cox, Michael
  • Owens, John D.
  • et al.

We present GPU-to-CPU callbacks, a new mechanism and abstraction for GPUs that offers them more independence in a heterogeneous computing environment. Specifically, we provide a method for GPUs to issue callback requests to the CPU. These requests serve as a tool for ease-of-use, future proofing of code, and new functionality. We classify the types of these requests into three categories: System calls (e.g. network and file I/O), device/host memory transfers, and CPU compute, and provide motivation as to why all are important. We show how to implement such a mechanism in CUDA using pinned system memory. We analyze the latency involved for each implementation on both discrete and integrated GPUs, as well as discuss possible features for the GPU driver to alleviate the need for polling, thus making callbacks more efficient with CPU usage and power consumption. We implement several examples demonstrating the use of callbacks for file I/O, network I/O, memory allocation, and debugging.

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