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P50 sensory gating ratios in schizophrenics and controls: a review and data analysis.

  • Author(s): Patterson, Julie V
  • Hetrick, William P
  • Boutros, Nash N
  • Jin, Yi
  • Sandman, Curt
  • Stern, Hal
  • Potkin, Steven
  • Bunney, William E
  • et al.
Abstract

Many studies have found that the P50 sensory gating ratio in a paired click task is smaller in normal control subjects than in patients with schizophrenia, indicating more effective sensory gating. However, a wide range of gating ratios has been reported in the literature for both groups. The purpose of this study was to compile these findings and to compare reported P50 gating ratios in controls and patients with schizophrenia. Current data collected from individual controls in eight studies from the University of California, Irvine (UCI), Indiana University (IU), and Yale University also are reported. The IU, UCI, and Yale data showed that approximately 40% of controls had P50 ratios within 1 S.D. below the mean of means for patients with schizophrenia. The meta-analysis rejected the null hypothesis that all studies showed no effect. The meta-analysis also showed that the differences were not the same across all studies. The mean ratios in 45 of the 46 group comparisons were smaller for controls than for patients, and the observed difference in means was significant for 35 of those studies. Reported gating ratios for controls from two laboratories whose findings were reported in the literature differed from all the other control groups. Variables affecting the gating ratio included band pass filter setting, rules regarding the inclusion of P30, sex, and age. Standards of P50 collection and measurement would help determine whether the gating ratio can be sufficiently reliable to be labeled an endophenotype, and suggestions are made toward this goal.

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