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Inhibition of the lytic phase of murine t-cell-mediated alloimmune cytotoxicity by a rat antiactivated t-cell antiserum.

  • Author(s): Ware, CF
  • Chauvenet, PH
  • Duffey, PS
  • Granger, GA
  • et al.

Antisera produced in rats by immunization with alloimmune murine C57Bl/6 anti-P815 splenic lymphocytes or purified T cells activated in vitro by coculture with phytohemagglutinincoated L-929 cells were found to inhibit the in vitro cytolytic action of in vivo and in vitro alloimmune C57Bl/6 anti-P815 cytotoxic T cells in a 4-hr chromium-51 release assay. The rat anti-murine-activated lymphocyte (anti-MAL) or antiactivated T-cell (anti-ATC) serum inhibited lysis in the absence of exogenously added complement activity and were not directly cytotoxic to CTL. Absorption of anti-MAL with target cells P815, L-929, EL-4, and normal C57Bl/6 lymphocytes removed a limited amount of the CTL-inhibitory activity. In contrast, lectin-activated alloimmune lymphocytes fully absorbed the inhibitory activity indicating these antisera preferentially recognize unique antigenic determinants associated with the activated CTL cell surface. The anti-ATC was found to block alloimmune lysis by CTL from several inbred mouse strains suggesting these antisera recognized antigenic determinants of a common lytic mechanism. A kinetic analysis of the inhibitory activity of the anti-MAL on the CTL reaction scheme revealed this antiserum inhibited lysis at a post-Ca2+-dependent step, presumably during the target cell lytic phase. This result suggests the rat antiserum can neutralize the CTL lytic mechanism. © 1981.

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