Skip to main content
Open Access Publications from the University of California

UC Irvine

UC Irvine Previously Published Works bannerUC Irvine

Comparison of Islet Characterization from Use of Standard Crude Collagenase to GMP-Grade Collagenase Enzyme Blends in Preweaned Porcine Islet Isolations


For the advancement of porcine xenotransplantation for clinical use in type 1 diabetes mellitus, the concerns of a sustainable and safe digestion enzyme blend must be overcome. Incorporating good manufacturing practices (GMP) can facilitate this through utilizing GMP-grade enzymes. In conjunction, still taking into account the cost-effectiveness, a wide concern. We evaluated how GMP-grade enzyme blends impact our piglet islets and their long-term effects.  Preweaned porcine islets (PPIs) were isolated from 8- to 10-day-old pigs. Digestion enzyme blends, collagenase type V (Type V), collagenase AF-1 GMP-grade with collagenase NB 6 GMP-grade (AF-1 and NB 6), and collagenase AF-1 GMP-grade with collagenase neutral protease AF GMP-grade (AF-1 and NP AF) were compared. Islet quality control assessments, islet yield, viability, and function, were performed on days 3 and 7, and cell content was performed on day 7.  GMP-grade AF-1 and NB 6 (17,209 ± 2,730 islet equivalent per gram of pancreatic tissue [IE/g] on day 3, 9,001 ± 1,034 IE/g on day 7) and AF-1 and NP AF (17,214 ± 3,901 IE/g on day 3, 8,833 ± 2,398 IE/g on day 7) showed a significant increase in islet yield compared to Type V (4,618 ± 1,240 IE/g on day 3, 1,923 ± 704 IE/g on day 7). Islet size, viability, and function showed comparable results in all enzyme blends. There was no significant difference in islet cellular content between enzyme blends.  This study demonstrated a comparison of GMP-grade collagenase enzyme blends and a standard crude collagenase enzyme in preweaned-aged porcine, a novel topic in this age. GMP-grade enzyme blends of AF-1 and NB 6 and AF-1 and NP AF resulted in substantially higher yields and as effective PPIs compared to Type V. In the long run, considering costs, integrity, and sustainability, GMP-grade enzyme blends are more favorable for clinical application due to high reproducibility in comparison to undefined manufacturing processes of standard enzymes.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC's open access policies. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Main Content
For improved accessibility of PDF content, download the file to your device.
Current View