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Regularity “in Large” for the 3DSalmon’s Planetary Geostrophic Model of Ocean Dynamics


AbstractIt is well known, by now, that the three-dimensional non-viscous planetary geostrophic model, with vertical hydrostatic balance and horizontal Rayleigh friction/damping, coupled to the heat diffusion and transport, is mathematically ill-posed. This is because the no-normal flow physical boundary condition implicitly produces an additional boundary condition for the temperature at the lateral boundary. This additional boundary condition is different, because of the Coriolis forcing term, than the no-heat-flux physical boundary condition. Consequently, the second order parabolic heat equation is over-determined with two different boundary conditions. In a previous work we proposed one remedy to this problem by introducing a fourth-order artificial hyper-diffusion to the heat transport equation and proved global regularity for the proposed model. A shortcoming of this higher-oder diffusion is the loss of the maximum/minimum principle for the heat equation. Another remedy for this problem was suggested by R. Salmon by introducing an additional Rayleigh-like friction/damping term for the vertical component of the velocity in the hydrostatic balance equation. In this paper we prove the global, for all time and all initial data, well-posedness of strong solutions to the three-dimensional Salmon’s planetary geostrophic model of ocean dynamics. That is, we show global existence, uniqueness and continuous dependence of the strong solutions on initial data for this model. Unlike the 3D viscous PG model, we are still unable to show the uniqueness of the weak solution. Notably, we also demonstrate in what sense the additional damping term, suggested by Salmon, annihilate the ill-posedness in the original system; consequently, it can be viewed as “regularizing” term that can possibly be used to regularize other related systems.

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