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Synthesis, structure, and reactivity of crystalline molecular complexes of the {[C5H3(SiMe3)2]3Th}1- anion containing thorium in the formal +2 oxidation state.

  • Author(s): Langeslay, Ryan R;
  • Fieser, Megan E;
  • Ziller, Joseph W;
  • Furche, Filipp;
  • Evans, William J
  • et al.
Abstract

Reduction of the Th3+ complex Cp''3Th, 1 [Cp'' = C5H3(SiMe3)2], with potassium graphite in THF in the presence of 2.2.2-cryptand generates [K(2.2.2-cryptand)][Cp''3Th], 2, a complex containing thorium in the formal +2 oxidation state. Reaction of 1 with KC8 in the presence of 18-crown-6 generates the analogous Th2+ compound, [K(18-crown-6)(THF)2][Cp''3Th], 3. Complexes 2 and 3 form dark green solutions in THF with ε = 23 000 M-1 cm-1, but crystallize as dichroic dark blue/red crystals. X-ray crystallography revealed that the anions in 2 and 3 have trigonal planar coordination geometries, with 2.521 and 2.525 Å Th-(Cp'' ring centroid) distances, respectively, equivalent to the 2.520 Å distance measured in 1. Density functional theory analysis of (Cp''3Th)1- is consistent with a 6d2 ground state, the first example of this transition metal electron configuration. Complex 3 reacts as a two-electron reductant with cyclooctatetraene to make Cp''2Th(C8H8), 4, and [K(18-crown-6)]Cp''.

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