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Laser microirradiation of stress fibers and intermediate filaments in non-muscle cells from cultured rat heart

  • Author(s): Strahs, KR
  • Berns, MW
  • et al.
Abstract

Stress fibers and bands of intermediate filaments (100 Å) were studied in cultured non-muscle cells using laser microbeam techniques. Wavelengths of 532, 537 and 280 nm were used, and no artificial chromophores were employed. Lesions were assayed using a combination of phase contrast, polarizing and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). (1) Stress fibers 1-2 μm in diameter were narrowed or completely servered by irradiation at 532, 537 and 280 nm. Stress fibers could be grouped into two classes: (a) those whose severed ends separated during the first few seconds following laser irradiation (46% of fibers irradiated); (b) those fibers which showed no movements (54%). Microtubules which paralleled stress fibers persisted in the presence of colcemid for up to 5 h, and alignment of the severed stress fiber ends was maintained even in their absence. Injured stress fibers appear to be repaired within 1 h of irradiation. (2) Bands of 100 Å filaments were induced in non-muscle cells in secondary cultures of neonatal rat heart by exposure to colcemid. Lesions which appeared as phase dense spots were induced in these bands by irradiation at 532, 537 and 280 nm. The positions of the lesions in the band relative to one another did not change over several hours despite movements of the entire band. These studies demonstrate that (a) stress fibers may be an excellent system in which to study subcellular repair; (b) induced bands of 100 Å filaments probably move passively in the cells containing them; (c) laser irradiation of cytoplasmic filaments in non-muscle cells does not require the introduction of an artificial chromophore. © 1979.

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