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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Temporal profile of hilar basal dendrite formation on dentate granule cells after status epilepticus.

  • Author(s): Dashtipour, Khashayar
  • Wong, Alan M
  • Obenaus, Andre
  • Spigelman, Igor
  • Ribak, Charles E
  • et al.

Granule cells with hilar basal dendrites (HBDs) are found after status epilepticus (SE) in three rat models of temporal lobe epilepsy. These granule cells are commonly located at the hilar border and could be newly born granule cells based on their location. The aim of this study was to determine how long it takes for HBDs to form on granule cells after SE. Pilocarpine was injected to induce SE and rats were killed at different times: 3 days, 1, 2, and 3 weeks after SE. Biocytin was injected into CA3 stratum lucidum of hippocampal slices to label granule cells with HBDs. The number, morphology, and length of HBDs were analyzed at the different time points. Basal processes of granule cells from rats killed 3 days after pilocarpine injection were judged not to be HBDs because they were short in length and did not ramify in the hilus. "True" HBDs were detected as early as 7 and 8 days after pilocarpine-induced SE. Similar frequencies of granule cells with HBDs were observed at the later time points. This study shows that HBDs can form on granule cells as early as 1 week following SE. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that HBDs on granule cells may be generated from seizure-induced, de novo granule cells, however, alternative explanations that some or all HBDs arise from pre-SE generated granule cells cannot be ruled out at this time and will require further examination.

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