Skip to main content
eScholarship
Open Access Publications from the University of California

UC Davis

UC Davis Previously Published Works bannerUC Davis

Maternal influence of prolyl endopeptidase on fat mass of adult progeny.

  • Author(s): Warden, CH
  • Fisler, JS
  • Espinal, G
  • Graham, J
  • Havel, PJ
  • Perroud, B
  • et al.
Abstract

Background

Maternal genotype has lifetime effects on progeny, but few specific genes, and no proteases, are known to underlie maternal effects. Prolyl endopeptidase (PREP) is a serine protease with putative substrates that regulate appetite or milk production.

Objective

To test effects of PREP on obesity phenotypes in mice.

Design

Mice with a gene trap (GT) of PREP (PREP(gt/gt)) on the C57BL/6J (B6) background were generated. Minimal PREP protein was detected by western blot. In Experiment 1, direct effects of PREP were measured in littermate mice derived from intercrosses of heterozygotes (PREP(WT/gt)). In Experiment 2, maternal effects of PREP were measured in reciprocal crosses of heterozygous (PREP(WT/gt)) and wild-type (WT) (PREP(WT/WT)) males and females. DIETS: Mice were fed either low-fat (LF, Experiments 1 and 2) or high-fat (HF, Experiment 1) defined diets.

Measurements

Adiposity index (AI) was calculated from body weight (BW) and weights of four fat depots measured in 120-day-old mice. Fasting plasma glucose, insulin and leptin were measured. In vivo plasma alpha-MSH levels were measured by targeted quantitative peptidomics.

Results

Experiment 1-In intercross mice, there were significant diet effects, but few genotype effects. There were no genotype effects on BW or AI in males or females on either diet. Experiment 2-In contrast, reciprocal crosses of heterozygous males or females with WT B6 revealed highly significant parent of origin effects on all traits except body length. Progeny (WT and heterozygous genotypes and both sexes) born to female PREP(WT/gt) heterozygotes had fat pads that weighed as much as -twofold more at 120 days old than progeny born to male heterozygotes.

Conclusion

Heterozygosity for PREP GT results in highly significant maternal effects, whereas homozygosity for the PREP(gt/gt) mutation has a much more limited direct effect.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC's open access policies. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Main Content
Current View